What to Expect During Your First Therapy Session

Oct 25, 2019

By Charlene Fuentes, PsyD

A client once told me during her first visit, “I’ve been putting off therapy for too long and finally felt like the time was right. I knew I couldn’t face my problems alone anymore.” Like my client, perhaps you have faced ambivalence about starting therapy in the past but have finally gathered the courage to seek help. If questions such as, “What should I expect?” or, “How should I prepare for my first session?” are running through your mind, you’re not alone. Whatever your reason for getting help, one of the hardest parts of therapy is getting started. 

According to  a national survey conducted by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), 47.6 million adults in the United States lived with mental illness in 2018, or about one in five adults. However, only 43 percent of these adults received treatment in 2018. Meanwhile, one in six U.S. children experienced a mental health disorder in 2016, but only 50.6 percent received treatment. 

For the many people who have yet to seek the mental health care they need, lingering questions about what to expect in therapy can create added anxiety. What follows are some general guidelines to help you prepare for your first session with a therapist, and hopefully to ease some of that uncertainty.

Dispelling Common Myths About Therapy

There are a number of persistent myths about therapy that can influence a person’s decision to avoid it. Knowing how to separate fact from fiction when it comes to therapy can help you make those first crucial steps toward getting care.

You probably won’t be lying on a couch.  

The idea of being expected to lie on a couch and open up about your childhood is one I often hear from new clients. Therapy is intended to be a supportive environment that may involve learning a specific set of skills to tackle life’s challenges in healthy ways. Most therapy sessions are conducted face-to-face, but video therapy is also increasing in popularity, making it easier and more convenient for people to access help, often from the comfort of their own home.

Therapy is helpful for many.

There’s a common misperception that therapy is for “crazy people,” or the severely mentally ill. Rest assured that this is far from the truth. In fact, putting off therapy can cause smaller, more manageable issues to fester and worsen over time. The longer you wait, the harder it may be to tackle your issues. 

All therapies are not the same.

Another widespread myth is that all therapies are the same. In reality, there are a variety of evidence-based therapies (EBTs), or those that have been tested by researchers and proven effective in reducing symptoms of stress, anxiety or depression. These therapies are typically short-term and goal-directed in nature, and emphasize specific practices or skills to work on between sessions. As I often tell my clients, “The real work towards change happens outside of our sessions.” In other words, your commitment to practicing these skills in your daily life is essential. 

Your First Visit

So you’ve made it to your first appointment and you’re sitting patiently in the in-person or virtual waiting room to meet your therapist for the first time. Maybe you’re trying your best to quell your anxiety but find yourself overcome with discomfort as your appointment time nears. To ease your mind, here’s an overview of what you can expect: 

What you might be asked

Your therapist will typically introduce themselves and review some paperwork with you, informing you of the pros and cons of therapy, the limits of confidentiality, their privacy policy and any additional policies they have in place, such as how to reach them between sessions, or their late cancellation policy. One of the objectives of this first visit is to gather information on the reasons you are seeking care and to start formulating ideas of how best to help you.

This process, also known as the initial assessment, involves asking you questions about how you’ve been feeling lately, when you think any problems may have started, and what, if any, steps you’ve taken in order to feel better. There may be some additional forms to complete, as well. Your first session may look different from subsequent visits that will likely focus more on learning new coping strategies and skills. Your therapist may ask questions such as: 

  • What brings you to therapy?
  • How long have you experienced these problems?
  • Have you been in therapy before?
  • What are ways that you cope with distress?
  • Who is part of your support network? 

You may experience a range of emotions.

Sharing private details with someone you are meeting for the first time is far from easy for most people. You may be asked to share unpleasant aspects of your life, perhaps for the first time. Keep in mind that you never have to share more than you’re comfortable sharing, though being open and honest with your therapist is important to feeling better. Sharing difficult thoughts, feelings or experiences from your past may lead to you to experience a range of emotions, from sadness and anger to excitement and hope. While sharing can be tough, many first-time clients express relief in having a safe and supportive environment to talk openly about their problems. 

Taking an Active Role

Therapy is a collaborative experience in which you play a valuable role from beginning to end. To be an active participant in your therapy journey, here are some tips to consider: 

Be prepared.

Organize your thoughts in advance and consider how you want to clearly describe what brought you into therapy. You might find it helpful to dedicate a few minutes each day to reflect and document important points to highlight. You can also maximize your appointment time by completing initial paperwork, such as forms or questionnaires that were sent to you before your appointment.

Be open.

Therapists aren’t mind readers, so it’s important to be open about your problems and share what you’re feeling in session. Your therapist can be more effective at helping when you’re forthcoming with answers to their questions. At the same time, it’s also important to know your limits. As mentioned earlier, you don’t have to discuss anything you don’t feel comfortable sharing during your first visit. It’s normal to build a sense of trust before disclosing more sensitive topics or issues. 

Ask questions.

There are no right or wrong questions for your therapist. Remember, getting to know each other is a mutual experience. You might ask about their training, what type of therapy will be used and how it works or how long therapy is expected to last. Or perhaps you’ve researched your therapist prior to your first appointment. Don’t be afraid to ask clarifying questions or for information you didn’t quite understand. Not every therapist is a good fit, and the more you know about your therapist and their style, the more comfortable you’ll feel about therapy overall. Gather information to determine if this working relationship feels like a good match for you. Some questions you might ask include: 

  • How long have you been practicing?
  • What therapy approach(es) do you use? Can you describe them to me?
  • How much experience do you have working with people who have similar issues? 
  • How long does treatment typically last?

Identify your goals.

It’s helpful to establish goals for therapy in order for  your therapist to formulate an effective treatment plan. You can collaborate with your therapist to identify attainable goals to work toward together. These might include learning healthy skills to cope with parenting stress, managing symptoms of bipolar illness, improving your sleep quality, or overcoming your fear of public speaking. Whatever your goals, be sure to arrive to your first session with realistic expectations. Your therapist will help you set expectations and develop a plan toward achieving your goals. 

Ending Your First Session

You’re nearing the end of your first session. What happens next? 

If working together makes sense, your therapist might summarize your first meeting and suggest some possible goals for therapy. You may also learn more about what to expect in follow-up sessions. In some cases, you will be taught a skill or given an assignment to work on before your next appointment, such as taking a walk or engaging in a mindfulness exercise. Before wrapping up, you and your therapist will likely agree on a second appointment time. 

If at the end of your first session, you’re left with unanswered questions, or if your experience is not quite what you imagined, be open about how you feel with your therapist and ask questions. This process is about your mental health and  personal growth, and you want to walk away feeling that you’re moving in a positive direction. 


If you need support with stress, anxiety, depression, or other mental health issues, Lyra can connect you to a behavioral health solution that is right for your needs. You can get started today if Lyra is offered by your employer. Sign up now.

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this blog is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.


Charlene Fuentes, PsyD is the Associate Director of Clinical Programs at Lyra Clinical Associates. Her clinical specialties include Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Health Psychology, and Behavioral Medicine. She has extensive experience in chronic illness management and has developed inpatient and outpatient psychosocial programs for hospitals in the San Francisco Bay Area.